From coast to coast to coast: Ecology and management of seagrass ecosystems across Canada
Seagrass meadows are among the most productive and diverse marine ecosystems, but also the most impacted by human activities and in urgent need of better management and protection. In Canada, eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadows are found along the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic coasts across a wide range of biogeographic conditions. In this paper, we synthesize current knowledge of eelgrass ecosystems across Canada’s coasts, highlighting commonalities and differences in environmental conditions, plant, habitat, and community structure, as well as current trends and human impacts. We discuss current management and conservation efforts and the implications of observed differences from coast to coast to coast.